plant-nutrition

Home plants nutrition made simple

Are your plants withered out and are dying a lot? Are your plants not bright and bloomy as they are supposed to be?

                  There is a 90% chance that your plants are not receiving the required nutrition. This is very common in our home grown plants, as the soil from which the plant gets its nutrition is depleted after a while since  and as they are isolated.

                 It falls upon us to replenish the nutrition to this soil The most easy and organic way to do it is vermi  composting. Imagine you could turn 30 percent of your household waste, at no cost, into high-quality compost for your plants, while also reducing toxic emissions from incinerator plants…Classic case of on shot 2 birds.

What do I get from it?

  • High source of nitrogen content. Nitrogen is very essential for plant growth because it is a major component of chlorophyll, the compound by which plants use to prepare their own food.
  • It improves the water retention capacity of the soil.
  • Enhances microbial activity which in turn enhances growth if the plant.
  • Improves germination capacity of the plant.
  • Improves aeration between layers of soil.

What do I need to start ?

  • Plastic tub
  • Dry leaves,twigs
  • Green leaves
  • Household organic matter
  • Buffalo /cow dung

How do I make it?

Step 1: Take a medium sized plastic tub and coat all the walls and bottom of the tub with dung.

Layer 1:  Spread dry organic matter such as dry twigs, straw, dry leaves.

Layer 2: Cover the dry organic layer with a layer of FYM(Farm Yard Manure)

Layer 3: Spread the green organic matter such as green leaves, household organic matter,grass etc.

Layer 4: Cover the green layer with a layer of FYM.

Layer 5: This is the final layer & soil is used for covering and this soil layer should be thick.

Step 2: Finally the tub is full with layers. At the top the compost is covered by dry straw.

Step 3: The compost should be watered once a day to preserve the moisture content between the layers.This triggers the microbial action between the layers.

Step 4: Microbes such as pseudomonas, trichoderma,aspergillus present in FYM (Farm Yard Manure) help in fastening the composting process.

Step 5: Compost can be prepared in 30 days, 60 days & 90 days.

Step 6: So after one month the compost will be ready for application.

How do I apply it?

You can use your compost immediately, or you can store it for up to a year and use it throughout the gardening season. The compost can also be used as a top dressing for your indoor or outdoor plants.  In pots and containers, don’t use pure vermicompost. Mix a ratio of 1:4 vermicompost to potting soil.

  • Use like compost — dig it lightly into the topsoil when mulching grow beds or preparing new beds, or apply a light top dressing around mature plants, shrubs, and trees.  Vermicompost generally goes about three times as far as ordinary (aerobic) compost, so use one-third as much. Generally, 3 tablespoons of vermicompost per plant is plenty.   Then, water each plant deeply taking care to soak the worm compost that you just spread, which will help work the nutrients down into the soil.
  • Use for germinating seeds — castings mixed 50/50 with potting soil produces a growing medium for seedlings that give plants a great start to life.
  • Use on transplants, especially bare-root transplants — spray roots with a diluted “worm tea” solution to help prevent transplant shock.
  • Store in dark, cool place — keep in a breathable container where the castings won’t dry out. The active microbes will keep for up to a year.
 
AUTHOR
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Real life Sai Pallavi from Fidaa movie. Loves plants and very passionate about nature. 

1 thought on “Urban plants nutrition made easy | Vermi Composting”

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